Scheduling is Essential to Boost Achievement
It’s an often-told story: the new principal comes to a school, opens the supply closet, and sees tons of notepads (or pencils or toner). When she looks at the supply order and asks why even more are being purchased despite the surplus, the reply is, “it’s the same order we make every year.” Unfortunately, that philosophy typically applies to school schedules as well. At the end of the school year, the previous master schedule is duplicated, teacher rosters are updated as needed, and no other changes are made regardless of changes in the student population. In addition to this practice being lazy, the presenters of the edWebinar, “Using Student-Centered Scheduling to Address Equity” said copying the same schedule year after year can lead to further segregating students and keeping low-performing ones from reaching their potential. While reworking the master schedule may not be the most exciting part of the principal’s job, presenters Karin Chenoweth, Author of Schools that Succeed; Sergio Garcia, Principal, Artesia High School (CA); and Chris Fitzgerald Walsh, Head of Impact, Abl, say making sure instructional time isn’t wasted is the administrator’s most important job.
Chenoweth, who studies high-performing schools, says successful schools push all students to succeed regardless of past learning history or demographics. These example schools share three key characteristics.
- Sense of urgency: These schools understand that they have the students for a limited time each day and throughout their school careers. No assembly or instructional interruption is allowed unless it has a direct impact on improving student achievement.
- Scheduled (and nurtured) collaboration between educators: The schedule isn’t done in secret by the administrators, and it isn’t a static document that lays untouched until the next school year. Administrators schedule time for educators to work together to discuss what’s working, what’s not, and what they need to do next to help the students.
- Belief: At high-performing schools, the leaders build a culture that says all students have the ability to succeed at a higher level. Intervention classes are meant to raise student potential, not relegate them to low classes with low expectations.
When Garcia became principal at Artesia, he established the goal of academic success for all, and changing the schedule was key. However, he had to begin by educating the teachers about building a student-focused schedule and getting their buy-in before he could implement the dramatic shift in his school. Through training and conversations, his teachers have now embraced a new process that begins with the learners.
- First, the guidance counselors work with the students and get their course requests.
- Then, the teachers build their own master schedules.
- Next, the department chairs work on these requests with their teachers.
- Finally, the department chairs bring these schedules to the administrators and work on a master schedule.
In addition to changing the regular school day schedule, Garcia also opened up AP and honors classes to all students, extended the school and moved sports practice to later in the afternoon to allow for extra tutoring, and started a summer academy to prepare students for the higher-level courses. Most important, teachers are not allowed to put personal restrictions on the schedule that limit student learning.
“Everybody creates their own master schedule, but we know that … this is about students,” said Garcia. “We are not going to honor anybody’s requests. It is a culture we have created. I am the only one who puts constraints on the schedule.”
This edWebinar was sponsored by Abl.
This article was modified and published by EdScoop.
About the Presenters
Karin Chenoweth is Writer-in-Residence at The Education Trust. She leads the organization’s efforts to learn from and write about successful and improving schools with significant populations of children of color and children living in poverty. In Schools that Succeed: How Educators Marshal the Power of Systems for Improvement, Karin explores what it looks like when expert school leaders ensure that all of a school’s systems, from supplies and schedules to discipline systems, are designed to support instruction. Schools that Succeed builds on her previous trilogy of “It’s Being Done” books but digs deeper to help educators see how they can move forward, even in dismaying circumstances. Karin holds a master’s degree from Columbia University’s School of Journalism and a B.A. from Barnard College.
Sergio Alejandro Garcia is the Principal of Artesia High School in Lakewood, California, part of the ABC Unified School District. During his tenure, Mr. Garcia has led the transformation of Artesia High School through established targets, research based instruction, and data analysis. He attributes much of this success to an intense focus on the master schedule—which he says is the “heart of the school.” Artesia High School serves a diverse student body of 1,500 students with 75% of students qualifying for Free and Reduced Lunch, and most students will be the first in their family to attend college. Artesia students consistently outperform students at similar schools in California, and the school boasts a 99% cohort graduation rate.
Chris Walsh is an experienced K-12 educator, media producer, and entrepreneur. Since his days as a middle school teacher, Chris has leveraged digital tools to bring large-scale innovations to teaching and learning. Chis currently leads Growth & Impact at Abl, a mission-driven ed tech company offering next-generation scheduling solutions. Prior to Abl, Chris was the CEO of Zaption, an innovator in interactive video for learning; the company was acquired by Workday in 2016. Chris has held leadership positions with numerous national education organizations including New Tech Network, WestEd, and the KIPP Foundation. He also co-founded the Google Teacher Academy and created the Infinite Thinking Machine, one of the first internet TV shows for educators.
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Abl’s smart, flexible master scheduling solution helps secondary school leaders dramatically improve the entire scheduling process, from analyzing their current schedules to surfacing tradeoffs in real-time to refining student placements and balancing class compositions. Abl’s easy to use tools and expert coaching transforms scheduling from a tactical chore into a strategic asset that ensures all students get access to the courses they need to be college and career-ready.